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The Visitor 2
Production starts in a drawing office


From design to production
One of the first places to visit on any works tour is the drawing office, for it is here that production really begins. Here is most complete equipment to enable the complex work called for by the production of a new calibre or the modification of an existing one to go forward as smoothly as possible. The enormous amount of work involved in bringing any new calibre to the production stage is demonstrated by the huge array of drawings in the drawing office files.
For instance, when a new calibre is being designed, the main features and dimensions are first drawn out, and then every detail has to be carefully considered, not only from the angle of the movement itself, but also from the production standpoint. Some otherwise satisfactory part or process may present technical difficulties in manufacture that must be met by a careful modification, and that, in turn, may well raise another point calling for much thought. 
  When the drawings are, at length, finally approved, a model of the calibre is made by hand, and carefully tested and scrutinised to see what further problems it reveals - for there are sure to be some! With these points dealt with, the drawing office next sets to work on the drawings for the tools needed to produce the calibre, which can call for as much work as the drawings of the movement itself
  The basic raw materials required for production in a watch factory are the same the world over - brass and steel rod and plate in a variety of sizes and thicknesses. Gurnos Works holds an ample supply in an efficiently laid-out store, with a continuous stock record. That, however, is not the lend of the story. Every consignment of steel or brass received is rigidly sampled and tested before it is approved for storage in the issuing section of the department as a first step in the quality control that runs through the whole work of production. 



and flattening

From the quiet orderliness of the stores, the visitor passes to the more active orderliness of the press and automatic shops. There is something strangely attractive about the long rows of machines, each busy with its own details of manufacture. It is like a strange orchestra of industry, in which the machines have their little solo piece, such as the cutting of a slot, or the shaping of a groove, carried out by some special attachments that comes into action at the right instant every time.
  The long rows of automatics, which include examples of Bechler, Petermann and B.S.A. machines, are arranged in long lines in echelon formation. To stand at one end and glance along the spotless array is to be impressed by the importance attached to cleanliness. Precise results are only attainable by rigidly enforced maintenance in spotless surroundings.
  There are 7 pages on the visit in 1962. Use the box links below to see the other pages