Victorian Powys for primary  schools
Powys Digital History Project
Welshpool and district
Victorian maps
  Welshpool in 1901  

The image below is put together from two detailed Ordnance Survey maps made in 1901.
It gives us a picture of the community around the end of Queen Victoria's reign, and we can see that there have been some changes in the area.

  1. The railway has come to the upper Severn valley. The Cambrian Railway opened the line from Oswestry to Newtown via Welshpool in 1860. This connected the area with a network of Victorian railways stretching throughout Britain.
Where the canal had once been important for transporting goods, now it was the railway which became the most important means of transport.
The map shows a new gas works just to the right of the station. Coal for the gas works was now brought in by rail.
  2. The County Intermediate school stands next to the canal. It was opened in 1898 and gave local children a secondary education. In the village schools children could leave to start work at 11, but those who were able could now go on to the new County school. Most ordinary working families couldn't afford it though. They needed their children to be earning a living.  
  3. Between the canal and the railway stands the Mill Lane Foundry. Here the furnaces made iron machinery parts. This kind of industry needs heavy raw materials like iron ore, coal and lime, so they needed to be near good transport links.  
  4. There is now a bridge over the Severn on the road to Leighton. No need for a ferry now ! You could cross the river and keep your feet dry.  
  5. On the 1836 map at this point is marked the depot of the local militia. Now this base for locally recruited soldiers has been expanded. When the local Yeomanry paraded children came out to watch. (Click here for an example).
  Compare with Welshpool in 1836...  

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