Victorian Powys for primary  schools
Powys Digital History Project
Welshpool and district
Victorian maps
  Welshpool in 1836  

The map below is an enlarged section of an Ordnance Survey map made at a scale of 1 inch to 1 mile in 1836. (We have coloured in the pools, river and canal in blue to make them easier to see).
Although it is not very detailed it does give us an idea of the area in the early Victorian period. The way the map makers shaded the hills makes it easier to see the shape of the landscape.

  1. From the shape of the town you can see that Welshpool has grown up on a cross-roads.
The main road along the Severn valley runs from the bottom of the map to the top right corner. Another road crosses this running from the ford on the river Severn to the left edge of the map, where a series of smaller roads go off into the countryside.
(Notice that the ford on the Severn has a ferry next to it to carry people and goods over the river when the water is too deep to wade through).
  2. Next to the canal on the north-eastern side of the town is a sign of modern technology coming to the area.
Here you can see the word 'Gasometer'. A gasometer is where coal gas is stored, so there must have been a gas works here heating coal to make the coal gas. This could then be used for street lighting, or for lighting in the houses of the richer inhabitants of the town.
  3. In the bottom left hand corner you can see Powis Castle with its parkland, pools and gardens. The Earl of Powis was a very important man in the area in Victorian times, as he owned property in the town and all around the border area.
  Compare with Welshpool in 1901...  

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