Victorian Powys for primary  schools
Powys Digital History Project
Llanwrtyd and district
Some Victorian maps
  "Pontrhydyfferau" around 1845  

If you look on the tithe map for the parish of Llanwrtyd you will not find a place called Llanwrtyd Wells. It didn't exist then. Instead, at the point where the road crosses the river Irfon, you will find the tiny hamlet of Pontrhydyfferau (or Pontrhydyferi as it is sometimes spelled).
The map below is based on this tithe map, and it shows the hamlet and the surrounding area.


In Victorian times almost everyone had to pay tithes to the Church of England. At the beginning of the reign the tithe became a tax on your property. The maps were drawn to see what property everybody had.
map of Llanwrtyd parish around 1845

The surveyors who made the map had to fit it onto a large sheet, so they turned it round to make it fit. We have shown it here with North at the top so you can compare it with later maps.
Although Llanwrtyd Wells does not yet exist you can see Dolycoed and, at top left, the Dolycoed mineral springs.
By 1845 people were travelling to this remote spot by horse-drawn transport to take the waters.

For a more detailed map of the hamlet at this time click on this "thumbnail" image.

  Compare with a map of the area in 1887...  

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