Victorian Powys for primary  schools
Powys Digital History Project
Hay and the Wye valley
Earning a living
  Local tradesmen in 1835: bakers to booksellers  
Don't forget! The surnames are first.

The list on the right is the first part of a long list of tradesmen and shopkeepers who kept the community going in the early years of Queen Victoria's reign.

Most people in the area relied on local tradesmen and shopkeepers for almost everything they needed.
In rural areas where the population is smaller you will often see someone having more than one role in the community.

Here we can see the booksellers and stationers who sold (or loaned) books to those gentry and educated people who could read.
They were great letter writers and could buy their paper, ink and pens here at the stationers.

extract from Pigot's Directory
  blacksmith at workBlacksmiths played a very important role in Victorian times. Before the days of complex electrical machines the local blacksmith could mend most machinery.
Farmers would bring their tools to the smithy to be mended, and many smiths were also farriers and would put iron shoes on the horses.
With thousands of horses at work in the countryside this kept the blacksmith busy.
A whitesmith is a craftsman who works in tin, or who polishes metal objects.

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