in Victorian times
|Enclosing the open land||
As more people in Britain began to
live and work in towns and cities, more food was needed to feed the growing
populations. This was to drastically impact on agriculture
all across rural parts of the country.
Land - land on which a villager had rights to graze his animals
in common with other villagers.
Enclosures - land divided in to private fields belonging to an individual landowner.
Common on a
tithe map of
|This portion of a tithe map made around 1840 shows Vronvari Common, a few miles north of Llandrindod Wells. This former area of common land is shown broken up by small individual holdings. These resulted from the old custom of claiming property rights if a house is built in one night with a fire burning in the hearth by sunrise ! This was known as Ty un Nos or 'house in a night'.|
This division of
the land resulted in the fields and hedgerows
that we are familiar with today as our natural landscape. However, in
Victorian times, many people were upset at the loss of the beautiful open
views across the land. Also, many villagers lost their
rights to graze their animals on common land.