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Some Victorian maps
  Llangynog in 1840  

The map below is based on the tithe map of 1840, and gives us an idea of the village of Llangynog in the early Victorian period.
From the map we can see that this upland community developed where two rivers meet and an important route crosses over the Berwyn mountains to Bala.
As with many tithe maps, the map itself was was not drawn with north at the top. We have turned it round to make it easier to compare with the later map.


In Victorian times almost everyone had to pay tithes to the Church of England. At the beginning of the reign the tithe became a tax on your property. The maps were drawn to see what property everybody had
Llangynog in 1840

The 1841 census returns tell us who was living in the community around this time.
The two biggest groups of workers in the parish were the "rockmen" or quarrymen, and the lead miners. No doubt they lived in the scatter of small cottages you can see on the map.
The community also had a tailor, a potter, a weaver and a cooper. One man - Ismail Phillips - earned his living as a sawyer. He sawed great tree trunks into planks by hand in a saw pit.

Compare with Llangynog in 1902...

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