Powys Digital History Project

An early document
Manor account roll: a translation


The account of Hugh ap William ap Eynon bailiff and Richard Tomkyns under-bailiff there from the feast of St. Michael the Archangel in the 8th year of the reign of King Richard II after the Conquest until the same feast in the 9th year of the reign of the same king for one whole year the same lord being and administering in the manor rendering in annual account of this year.


The same owing about £30 2s. 9½d. arrears of the same account of the previous year.Total - £30 2s. 9½d. 
Rents And about 44s. 9d. from rent there of the term of the Annunciation of the blessed Mary and about 98s. 9d. from rent there of the term of St. Michael the Archangel.Total - £7 11s. 6d. - part of Hugh’s charge


The day-to-day adminstration of a manor was often in the hands of local officials, and accounts of this kind were essential to show what resources the manor possessed, and how finances lay between the officials and the lord.

The account begins with the name of the manor, "Presthemede" in the top left corner. It then goes on to give the names of the officials, in this case Hugh ap Gwillim ap Eynon the bailiff and Richard Tomkyns the under-bailiff, and the period covered by the account. The dating is by regnal year - from the eighth to the ninth year of Richard II (i.e. 1384-1385) - and from one feast of St. Michael the Archangel (i.e. 29 September) to another.

The account proper then begins with the Arrears owing from the previous account (Arr’ in the left-hand margin, short for arreragia), on to the Rents (Reddus’ for redditus), Farms and Rents (Firme et Redditus)