A foreign imposition
During the reign of Edward VI there was a more concerted campaign
of Protestant reform with an English language Order of Communion
being enforced. In some areas this was seen as a foreign imposition
in the same way that the creation of new shires had been, and
there may well have been resentment to this and a more general
resistance to change from what was familiar. On the other hand
some of the reforms may have brought about a more energetic clergy
becoming more actively involved in their parishes.
The possibility of open revolt against the changes was denied
by the support for reform from the local aristocracy, who had
done well out of the dissolution of the monasteries.
Reversing the reforms
During the reign of Mary Tudor (1553-1558) an attempt was made
to reverse all the Protestant reforms and return the church to
the Roman Catholic fold. Protestant legislation was repealed
and heresy laws were revived.
In Wales most of the clergy complied with Catholic legislation
just as they had the Protestant. Only one Welsh bishop, Robert
Ferrar of St Davids fell foul of Catholic reverses. In 1555 he
was taken to Carmarthen, a Protestant stronghold, and there burnt
at the stake.
Marys reign was, however, too short to effect a genuine
reversal of what had gone before, and the reign of Elizabeth
1 firmly established a Protestant church with the monarch at
There are 4 pages on the Reformation
in Wales. Use the box links below to view the other pages.