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Swansea Canal
  A new transport link with Swansea  

In Britain the late 18th century was a time of 'canal mania', when new canals were thought to be the way to bring prosperity. Roads were often very poor and transporting goods by horse-drawn wagons and carts was slow and expensive.

Map of
Swansea Canal

The route of
the canal is
shown by the
blue and red
dotted line.

The River Tawe
is alongside
the canal to
the right, and
other rivers
are named
in blue

Map of canal route Canals were particularly suited to the carrying of heavy and bulky goods like coal, iron, limestone, and timber.
The valley of the River Tawe was believed to have great need of a canal because coal, iron ore, and limestone were all to be found in the area "in almost inexhaustible quantities" according to a report supporting the canal proposal.
The collieries in the valley were growing, and they needed better links with the river wharves to send their coal to towns in the west of England.
There were plans to expand the ironworks at Ynscedwyn and elsewhere in the valley, and copper ore was also available for smelting.
The harbour at Swansea was being improved in 1792 to handle a huge increase in commercial goods.
All these reasons came together to bring about a survey of the Tawe Valley, and an Act of Parliament of 1794 gave authority for the Swansea Canal to be built.

The new canal was fully opened by October 1798, and it had cost £51,600 to build. The main course of the waterway was just over 15 miles (24km) long, plus some short branch canals such as the one to Ynscedwyn ironworks.

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