in Victorian times
|Meeting new challenges
1851 there was a religious
census which recorded peoples religious practices. There have
long been arguments over how accurate this was, but it was clear that far
more people in Wales attended Nonconformist chapels
than Anglican parish churches.
This fueled further anger against the Church of England which was the official religion of Britain, and which had a lot of influence over children's education.
- Church of England
Nonconformist - outside the Church of England
still had to pay a kind of tax called a tithe
to the Church of England. This growing resentment was a challenge for the
Church.The Church responded and in the later part of the 19th Century, and
between 1870 and 1920
all Welsh bishops spoke Welsh.
Parishes were redrawn to meet the needs of a changing population, and many parish churches were renovated.
Finally, after years of argument, a separate Church in Wales was created in 1920.
The Non-Conformists also had to face
new challenges as thousands of English-speaking people moved into Wales
in the Victorian period. New chapels were built with services in English
in the towns to meet this challenge.